The Biblical View on Forgiveness

The Greek word for forgiveness is pronounced Ôapse a miÕ. The word means to send away, to dismiss, to depart.

To forgive is to send away that for which there was a breach in the relationship.

When a person confesses their sin to us, we are to remove the offense from the relationship and receive the person back into our society. Clearly then, only the one who was offended can extend forgiveness and reinstate the offender in the relationship.

The Bible makes it clear that forgiveness is a possibility and is to be extended when the party who has committed the offense has repented.

In 1 John1:9, it tells us that when we confess our sins the Lord will forgive us. We, in like manner are told to forgive those who sin against us when they repent.

Luke 17:3 says, “If your brother sins, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him.” The sequence then is fourfold. 1. An offense is committed. 2. A rebuke is given by the offended party. 3. The offender repents. 4. The offended person extends forgiveness.

In modern thought there is the teaching by many that we are to forgive even when the offender is impenitent. Usually no Scripture is offered for this teaching, but a lot of rhetoric has been dispensed around the subject.

It is uttered as axiomatic that we are to quickly forgive the offender regardless of the offender’s view of the situation. Dire warnings of psychological dysfunction are given if the offended party withholds forgiveness to an impenitent offender.

So pervasive is this teaching that people accept it as Gospel. If the truth were known, this teaching is the antithesis of the Gospel.

We are told that we will not be forgiven by God unless we forgive others unconditionally. The one Scripture that is often quoted is, “Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.” (Matt. 6:12)

But what this passage is teaching is that just as we forgive the offender when they repent, so we ask God to forgive us when we repent. It is not saying forgive us because we forgive others, it’s asking that God forgive us on the same basis as we forgive others. It says, “Lord, just as we forgive others when they repent, please forgive us as we now repent.”

The passage goes on to indicate that if we withhold forgiveness when people repent, God will withhold His forgiveness when we confess to Him.

Some confusion seems to be in people’s minds because they equate a lack of forgiveness with a bitter spirit. However, that is simply sloppy thinking when we muddle such clearly different concepts. No one would accuse God of being bitter towards those whose sins are not forgiven, so why do we accuse those who have waited for the biblical order to be followed of being bitter?

If a person sees the clear teaching about rebuking an offender and waiting to forgive until the repentance is shown there is no reason to accuse them of being bitter. They may indeed be bitter and harbour sinful thoughts and attitudes, but that is a distinct matter.

The Bible is clear on how to proceed and the Lord gives us His pattern to follow. He does not forgive until the sinner repents and confesses the sin. Neither should we. It’s just that simple. Lets not try to be better than God in this matter. In our cleverness and our efforts to be racy and upbeat in our views of human relationships we muddle the plain teaching of Scripture and lead people astray.

Can you imagine the church at Corinth accepting this current teaching about forgiveness as regards the man who was sinning by living with his mother-in-law (1Cor.5)? The modern counselor comes to the elders of the church and tells them to ignore Paul’s teaching to cast the person from them. Forgive the person they are told, and pretend the offense has not been committed.

Do you not see how sinful it is to distort the teaching of the Scriptures where it is plainly taught that offenders are to be removed from our fellowship until the situation is sorted out?

Of course, when the sin is confessed we must forgive, we must restore the person to our fellowship, we must again treat them as a fellow Christian and give them full rights and privileges in the church and our society. This is not negotiable, it is absolutely essential.

But many Christians who talk much about forgiving when no repentance is evident are themselves the most unforgiving people in the world. Let a reformed rapist come into the church and see how welcome they are, let a divorced person come into the church and try to gain office among the saints. We quickly see that forgiveness is not only partial, it is sometimes not even given to those with a certain history.

Consider how we would have to rewrite the story of David and Bathsheba if this modern teaching on forgiveness is true. Nathan would then have to come to David and say, “Well David, God wanted me to tell you that even though you have clearly sinned against His law by committing adultery, and even though you have not confessed it, God wants you to know that He has forgiven you. God is not holding it against you and you are still in good standing with Him.”

Can you imagine that being the message of the prophet to David? That’s exactly what he should have said if we are to forgive impenitent people.

Take another situation in the Bible. Can we imagine Jesus on the cross, turning to the unrepentant thief and saying, “My son, I forgive you also even though you have not confessed your sins. And, because I forgive you your unconfessed sins, you too will be with me in Paradise today.”

Is it not clear that to forgive when no repentance is evident is ungodly? Can we not see that Satan wishes us to be lulled into thinking that we should pretend everything is all right, and behave as though nothing is wrong, when in fact sin has been committed and needs rebuke?

Satan wants the world to believe the lie that God forgives everybody and does not “hold grudges”. After all, nobody is perfect, we are only human. How convenient to think that God will let everybody through on Judgment day and will not be so unkind as to not forgive people.

This teaching about forgiving when there is no repentance is exactly what godless people are banking on when it comes to answering to God for their evil ways.

The hard way is the godly way. When you are sinned against, it is difficult to confront and point out to the person that their behaviour is unacceptable. Such an action takes moral courage and it’s just simpler to keep quiet and let the offense slip away unnoticed and unaddressed.

Many people abdicate their responsibility to confront because of the unpleasant fallout that may come from such an action. They fear the wrath of the offender and so keep quiet. “Why cause more problems?” they ask. “Isn’t the situation bad enough as it is?”

Such reasoning tugs at sympathetic hearts and we recognize the additional grief that may come as a result of doing it God’s way. We sympathize with the offended person, but in the back of our minds there is the nagging thought that Jesus confronted sinners, He did not back away from further conflict simply to try and make peace.

A very dramatic example of confronting the offenders is seen in the life of John the Baptist, Matt. 3:7-10. Some of those who came to be baptized were clearly suspect and John sent them away unbaptized telling them to get a track record of repentance, then consider baptism. It was not just some words of repentance that John demanded before accepting them, he wanted some action commensurate with the confession to back it up.

In our day and age, we are so shallow in these things, we simply get some quick nod of the head about repentance and baptize them immediately. We would never do what John did, and I venture to say that many Christians are extremely uncomfortable with the fact such action on John’s part is even included in Scripture. It is an embarrassment to many fine Christian people that John did such a thing, and they secretly wish that it had not been recorded.

God expects us to take the right course of action even though it is difficult.

10 thoughts on “The Biblical View on Forgiveness

  1. Ruth says:

    I commend this article on forgiveness. It echoes my own views, in line with scripture. My ex husband was found to have been abusing a young girl for several years, who was a close family member. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison. He has also committed other offences.

    We were discussing forgiveness in our home group and I was talking about the principle of forgiving, when, people repent. My views were disagreed with and could I show them scriptures which say that I dont have to forgive until there is repentance. My ex husband has shown no remorse for his horrendous crimes that ruined the young girls life and many of my familys lives. If he was truly remorseful of course I would forgive him but he is a prolific peodo and this is hardly unlikely.

    As the writer mentioned, not forgiving someone does not mean we harbour bitterness and resentment. For myself, I have left my ex to the righteous God and I wont allow my ex to ruin my life with hatred anyway.

    My homegroup also shared how it is a wonderful testimony when Christians have been heard to say on TV that they forgive a person who has perhaps murdered someone in their family, even if they havent repented and been remorseful in any way. Is it a wonderful testimony I ask. Or does it show some Christians as not really being real. I think on these occasions they can appear to be very shallow.

    We must always obey scripture and the Bible makes it clear that for forgiveness there has to be repentance.

    Thank you for publishing this article. Ruth

    • Gordon Rumford says:

      Hi Ruth
      I am happy that the article helped you. I encourage you to let the Scriptures speak for themselves. Luke 17:3-4; 1 |John 1:9, et. al.
      When they say that JEsus forgave his executioners Luke 23:34 that is not true. He asked the Father to forgive them, the passage in Luke does not say they were forgiven. But as we read Acts 6:17 many priests believed and the centurion confessed Jesus Mark 15:39; and many others at the cross believed Matt. 27:54, Luke 23:47-48. So our Lord’s request of the Father was abundantly answered as people repented. The notion of people beating their breasts as they departed is a sign of contrition and repentance.
      I hope you will feel free to mention my website to others. I hope to get an EBook of my devotionals to put on the website as I have 600+ of them catalogued on the website.

    • grumford says:

      Never lose your grip on the biblical order in the matter of offending and forgiving as seen in Luke 17 and 1 John. Forgiveness always waits for repentance to appear first. Once repentance comes on the scene we must forgive. This is God’s way. Would your friends say it would be a good testimony to God if He chose to forgive every sinner who ever lived with or without repentance? Some people called universalists say God is going to forgive everyone and get everyone to heaven one way or another. “This is how God’s love wins.” they say.

  2. joshua says:

    I thought this was very thought provoking. However, I would like to know what you think of Mark 11:25 –

    “And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive them, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.”

    It seems to contradict what you are saying. In this case the forgiving is placed on the person who is harmed.Or how about in Colossians 3:12-14 where Paul encourages us to forgive each other’s grievances? And many more.

    Would I be correct in saying that your teaching makes perfect sense when considered in Church discipline, But not so much on every day person to person dealings?

    • grumford says:

      Thanks for your comments.

      What does “hold anything against anyone mean”? Perhaps a grudge you don’t want to forgive? Could holding something against anyone mean you refuse to forgive when they repent? Certainly it can mean that, and in light of all the other teaching in Scripture about biblical forgiveness I suggest that is exactly what “hold anything against anyone” means.

      Of course we are to forgive people but to forgive according to the teaching of Scripture, or forgive in the biblical way. Then you ask what is the Scriptural way in which I am to forgive someone? That is when you turn to passages like Luke 17 for answers.

      The problem we have with many people is that they are not prepared to do the Scriptural thing and rebuke the offender. They try to say they are doing the gracious thing and simply forgetting the whole matter. You have no Scriptural warrant for simply forgetting the offence. You must remember it and go to the offending party and seek to administer the rebuke. Then the ball is in the court of the offender. We have no lternative as the offended party but to forgive when repentance is evident.

      I preach forgiveness just as PAul teaches in Colossians 3:12-14 but I insist that we allow Scripture to interpret Scripture on the subject. Paul is not issuing a blanket statement to forgive in all cases or else we say Luke contradicts Paul on forgivness and when to give it. Luke insists we wait until repentance has occurred. Paul certainly wants us to go along with Luke on forgiveness but what PAul is saying is do forgiveness the biblical way. Offence – rebuke – repentance – forgiveness.

      As far as the nonChristian offending us we should try to issue a rebuke if the person is judged willing to listen. However, remember Proverbs 26:4-5 where sometimes we rebuke and sometimes we do not.

      Thanks again for the comments and I hope I have firly answered them.


    • grumford says:

      Hi Joshua:
      Interesting points. What we need to recall is the principle of allowing Scripture to interpret Scripture. We need to hold all of the teaching together and let it modify itself. If we take all of the teaching on forgiveness we see that we indeed must forgive others their sins and we must forgive according to how the Bible tells us to forgive. It seems to me that if we follow Luke’s teaching our responsibility is FIRST to rebuke the one who offends us. That is he firs step toward biblical forgiveness. Then, if he person repents we are to forgive.
      Far too often offended people refuse to do what Jesus commands. They will not go to the offending brother/sister and rebuke them. They simply say that they forgive and that ends the matter. In God’s eyes the matter is not closed until the offended one rebukes, the offender repents, and the offended one forgives.
      Let Scripture modify itself on any subject or should I say let Scripture add to teaching until we get the entire message on a subject.
      Thanks for writing,

  3. Jean Gibbons says:

    I really appreciated your comments and further insights on forgiveness. It gives me good food for thought in regard to the idea of rebuke versus simply forgetting the offence. Understanding and putting this into practice in a Godly manner is well worth contemplating as I consider forgiveness with this greater insight. Thank you.

  4. Marie says:

    I appreciate this post. I’m sharing it on FB in my support group. Reading this actually makes me feel better about not wanting to forgive someone that has done me and my family a great emotional wrong. The question becomes what do I do about it? If I confront the person and they hold their position of hate anyway, what then? Maybe that would allow me to move on from the issue?

    • Gordon Rumford says:

      Hi MArie
      Seek a gentle spirit in rebuking the offender realizing that you are also capable of this sin they have committed against you. Galatians 6:1 is very important in this regard.
      If the rebuke fails to get the right response then let it go and move on.

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